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Vladimir Putin’s regime has struggled to restore Russia’s great power status. The discourses that have emerged around Russian energy wealth play a particularly significant role in this struggle and shape Russia’s identity in international relations. These multiple and contradictory understandings of energy resources are encapsulated in the two dominant discourses: the energy superpower and the raw-material appendage discourses. This paper examines these discourses and then demonstrates how they shape Russia’s energy diplomacy toward the European Union (EU).
This book addresses the challenges and opportunities of contemporary and future development of Eurasia. The main theme of the first part of the book is examining the reaction evoked in different countries by the Chinese “Belt and Road Initiative.” The second part analyses other national and international integration and infrastructure projects in Eurasia. This unique publication brings together in one volume works by leading researchers from different countries, all united by their common interest in the political and economic processes unfolding in the Eurasian continent. By offering various points of view from experts from all over the world, this book provides a multi-dimensional analysis of the Eurasian future and will be of value to a wide range of readers, including scholars, publicists, the international business community and decision-makers.
The forecast covers the period up to 2035. It describes dynamic trends that will shape the future of the world during the nearest 20 years. The aim of this study is to foresee the challenges awaiting the world and the forthcoming opportunities which can be used in the interests of the Russian state, ensuring its role as an active participant in the formation of the future world order. The book presents a general analysis of the main trends of world development, its spiritual culture, ideology, politics, innovation, economy, social sphere and interna tional security, the problems of globalization and regionalism. The final section of the book presents strategic recommendations for Russia. Prospective readers of this book include staff members of government institutions and management bodies, research, expert and business communities. It also may be recommended for student scholars of international affairs.
As the digitalization becomes the key factor to raise the competitiveness of companies, as well as of the investment attractiveness of recipient countries, the Socialist Republic of Vietnam (SRV) may find it difficult to benefit from this process. The research question is why Vietnam, in spite of successful efforts to increase its investment attractiveness, may miss opportunities presented by the emerging digital business environment. The academic novelty of the paper account for the reveal of the repercussions generated by the global trend towards the digitalization of businesses for Vietnam. The approach to the research question is based upon general academic methods like observation, study of documents and comparison. The primary sources of the paper, a significant part of which is published in the Vietnamese language, include the statistics of Ministry of Finance of Vietnam, Ministry of planning and investment of Vietnam, interviews with the SRV’s government officials, as well as the UNCTAD and the World Bank reports. The principal findings of the study reveal that while Vietnam has succeeded in strengthening its attractiveness as an investment destination, the country still possesses insufficient resources to respond to the forthcoming global digitalization of businesses and incentivize companies to continue investing in the SRV. In this connection, a set of recommendations on how to rectify maters is presented by the authors.
Review of Jonna Nyman's The Energy Security Paradox: Rethinking Energy (In)security in the United States and China.
Review of Sophia Kalantzakos' The EU, US and China Tackling Climate Change. Policies and Alliances for the Anthropocene.
A lot has been written about Agustín de Betancourt, his life in Russia, his contribution to the architecture, construction and organization of the transport system in the Russian Empire, as well as his life, his training and his professional career in Spain. However, little is known about when, how and why he makes the decision to leave his country permanently and settle in Russia. According to the documentation found in both Russian and Spanish archives, it has been shown that it is the Russian ambassador to Spain, Ivan Muravyov-Apostol, who, shortly after his arrival in Spain, at the end of 1803, after personally meeting Betancourt, proposes O. Volosyuk, Concepción Camarero Bullón 41 its contract to Saint Petersburg. Once the approval is obtained, the proposal is transferred. Also, the discrepancies between Manuel Godoy and Betancourt are studied in detail for the work of channeling the Genil river and the intervention in Soto de Roma, Royal Site owned by the minister, which marked the deterioration of the relations between both and took the engineer to consider, negotiate and accept the offer to settle in Russia. Both facts are studied within the framework of his professional career in Spain.
The book comprehensively examines the current Russian turn to the East, opening up for the country, primarily for its eastern part, new development prospects. The published articles attempted an interdisciplinary review of these new trends. Its authors – geographers, economists – analyze the necessary measures that should be taken to effectively integrate the country into the Asian division of labor, to overcome its pronounced European eccentricity. The articles of the collection also speak about the space of opportunities in which these tasks will be solved. The book is addressed to a wide range of specialists, it will be of interest to anyone who wants to participate in one form or another in solving one of the main challenges facing the country in the 21st century.
This article is focused on the analysis of the value appeals addressed to the Japanese government and the Korean nation in Declarations of Independence of February 8 and March 1 proclaimed as a part of March 1st Movement of 1919. First, I aim at explaining the nature of the illocutionary force; in particular, the illocutionary force of the value appeals. The sincerity conditions of the authors of the Declarations are different. The young authors of the Declarations of February 8 appealed to the Japanese government and the Western leaders from strength. The renown intellectuals who authored the Declarations of March 1 attempted to stage a classic of protagonist vs antagonist in a dialogue of equals. Eventually the sincerity conditions are considered the key constituent of the illocutionary force in either declaration. I also argue that values are manifested in the declarations following salient axiological strategies.
The article is dedicated to the studies of communicative practices characterizing the system of traditional lifestyles of women in China and Russia. On the basis of comparative analyses of the novel Zuleikha Opens Her Eyes by Guzel Yakhina and a story The New Year Sacrifice by Lu Xun the basic types and characteristics of communication of women with social surroundings, family and nature are defined. These include: social and sacral communicative practices, based on social and ethno cultural values and ethno psychological attitudes. The dual character of ethno-cultural tradition forming women’s lifestyle is determined, constructive and destructive aspects of women’s communicative practices are studied. Women’s characters are studied as examples of the transformation of the traditional lifestyle within the context of conflicting relations between old traditional norms and new socio-cultural realities, various types of social bans and penalties (up to sanctioned abuse). The books by Guzel Yakhina and by Lu Xun reveal parallel trends in the artistic representation of basic characteristics of cultural traditions regulating women’s activities in family and society as well as similar ethical and psychological features of both main characters. The article studies two levels of realization of women’s communicative practices: “husband – wife”, and “son – mother”. It is stressed that the researched books both represent women’s communicative practices not only as verbal activity, but as a description of various types on non-verbal communication (touching, gestures, positions), which is more important for the image of a mother. The realization of women’s communicative scenarios, such as “standard scenario”, “gaining meaning of life scenario” and “scenario of losing one’s family” are examined.
The article focuses on some important aspects of criticism directed at the concept of Russia-Eurasia in modern Western literature. Three influential works are taken as examples: “The Ideology of Russian Eurasianism” by M. Larouelle, “Internal Colonization” by A. Etkind and “The Dawn of Eurasia” by B. Maçaes. The author demonstrates that these studies share some common methodological defects rooted in certain principles of Western intellectual tradition, the most important among them being the concept of self-identity which leads to the subject-object division and universalizes conflict in the world. This approach is not alien to Eurasian thinkers as well and it accounts for many of the Eurasian movement’s limitations and failures. The author suggests a new approach to Eurasian thought based on the principle of self-alterity and joint transformation of man and world.
The article is devoted to neologisms that have appeared in Japanese language in the past few
years under the growing influence of the Internet. The paper gives the examples of new Internet
words, expressions and abbreviations that managed to take root in Japanese language for a short
period of time. There is also a review of the most frequent ways of Japanese Internet neologisms’
formation, as well as their etymology. The material discussed in the article shows that a significant
part of the new Internet vocabulary is words borrowed from English, written in the Japanese
syllable alphabet, katakana, both retaining their original meaning, and taking an abbreviated form
and, sometimes, subjected to semantic change. The work also describes examples of mixed Internet
neologisms, one part of which is a a borrowing, and the other - a word of Japanese or Chinese
origin, as well as examples of words that previously existed in Japanese but became Internet
neologisms through morphological and semantic changes.
This article studies the sacral communicative practices of women living in traditional culture as they are depicted in the novel Zuleikha Opens Her Eyes by the contemporary Russian author Guzel Yakhina and
the short story The New Year Sacrificeby by the 20th century Chinese writer Lu Xun. We show that these writers use their main female characters to depict the universal problems of the lifeworld of the “little person” in traditional society and examine how religious beliefs, common prejudices and the public opinion they shape control women’s behaviour in traditional society and how sacral notions and images influence the way women perceive their
surrounding social and natural worlds. We trace how ethno-cultural values and ethno-psychological attitudes condition sacral communicative practices. A comparative study of the two literary works allows us to identify the main forms of interaction between traditional women and different segments of the sacral space. We examine the types of interaction of traditional women with the world of gods and spirits (religious-spiritual, animist and magical)
and the distinctive features of the sacralization of subjects of social communication. The animist beliefs predominating in the worldview of the main female characters Zuleikha and Xiang-Lin are based on ancient mythologies and pagan values that respectively mark traditional Tatar and Chinese ethnic cultures. Sacral and religious beliefs are projections of social relations, while images, myths and symbols of the sacral space are projected onto the sphere of everyday life. The communicative practices of women described by Guzel Yakhina and Lu Xun are studied in their connection with elements of the everyday lifeworld and the sphere of spiritual and religious beliefs.
The collection of articles by Russian scholars focuses on the positive changes on the Korean Peninsula that occurred during 2018. The results of the North Korean leader's summits with the leaders of China, the USA and South Korea held in 2018 are analyzed. The impact of these meetings on the prospects of resolving the nuclear issue of the Korean Peninsula is considered. The problems of creating a new mechanism for maintaining peace on the peninsula, taking into account the security interests of Russia, are studied. The issues of relations between the two Korean states and their neighbors in the NEA region are considered. Much attention is given to the state and prospects of trade and economic relations between the Republic of Korea and Russia, the analysis of some aspects of the experience of economic development of the ROK in terms of its use in Russia. Separate chapters are devoted to the issues of Korean historical and cultural heritage and its connection with the modern days, in particular, to the 100th anniversary of the March 1st movement of 1919 for the independence of Korea