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This book scrutinizes the frequently ignored agency of Global South sub-national actors in their interactions with China, using a multidisciplinary approach and eleven case studies. Contributors examine China’s presence in the Global South on a country-by-country basis, analyzing how various non-state and sub-state actors are responding to the rise of China and whether they are attracted by the cooperation models that China proposes or deterred by its new assertiveness. Contributions cover diverse and heterogeneous geographies of the Global South, ranging from Papua-New Guinea to Argentina and from Madagascar to the Russian Far East. Examining such diverse cases, contributors focus on two interrelated questions: What is the actual economic, political, and social impact of China’s growing presence in the Global South? And, critically, how do the citizens of the Global South understand and interpret China’s rise? Taken together, the case studies develop a comprehensive picture of a complex and sometimes problematic process of China’s inclusion into the economic, social, and political realities of the Global South.
This book identifies and fills the gaps in the existing literature on China’s rise by offering a nuanced perspective on China’s relations with the countries of the Global South that captures such variables as social context, intersubjective meanings, and identities. By focusing China’s relations with the Global South, it also provides an important addition to the literature on international politics of development and China’s role in the transformation of the South-South cooperation.
This book analyses Russia-Europe/EU relations by exploring their practical essence and conceptualizing them in terms of the main categories of international relations research. It argues that the liberal world order, established in Cold War days, whereby international relations are underpinned by a global balance of power and a highly institutionalized framework of international relations, thereby balancing power and morality, continued after the Cold War, with high hopes in the early 1990s for a new order of security and cooperation for all Europe, including Russia. It goes on to show how the liberal world order has broken down, one manifestation of this being the new conflict between Russia and Europe in recent years, a conflict resulting from the failure of European countries/the EU to acknowledge the actual balance of military, economic and political power, the lack of limits on the policy of European countries in terms of infringing on Russia’s interests, and Russia’s consequent revision, after 1999, of its policy of co-operation. Overall, the book provides huge insight into the nature of Europe-Russia relations.
The Multiannual Financial Framework for 2021—2027 was adopted during the severe crisis caused by the ongoing coronavirus pandemic. In the face of a rapidly deteriorating economic situation, EU countries took unprecedented steps radically changing the principles of resource allocation in the Union. These included the recovery plan for Europe, making the EU budget conditional on respect for the rule of law and the new EU resources system. This article seeks to identify the essential characteristics of the decisions made within the Multiannual Financial Framework and define their significance for advancing integration. The study attempts to answer two questions: do these decisions mark the transition to a new stage of integration and to what extent do they comply with the law of the Union. Several EU initiatives related to debt redistribution are analysed, along with the impact of these initiatives on Eastern European countries, particularly those of the Baltic Sea region. The research explores the decisions from the standpoint of legal and political science. In particular, it is stressed that, when reaching a compromise on making the budget conditional on respect for the rule of law, the EU and its member states had to use a mechanism for postponing the execution of an act of the Union, which contradicts the basic principles of EU law. From a political point of view, the adoption of a package of legislative acts within the Multiannual Financial Framework means growing dependence of the member states and an increase in solidarity and loyalty within the Union.
The paper examines the dynamics in relations between the People’s Republic of China (PRC) and the South Pacific small island states collectively referred to as Pacific island countries (PICs). The specificity of current China’s policy is revealed, the reasons for concern from the PIC perspective are outlined, the aftereffects of the on-going political and security initiatives – the Indo-Pacific Region, the Quadrilateral Security Dialogue (Quad) and the pact between Australia, the US and the United Kingdom (AUKUS) – on the regional milieu and the PICs are scrutinized. The author argues that although selected aspects of China’s policy is encountering criticism across the region, Beijing outperforms Canberra and Washington. The main reason is predetermined by China’s ability to address the PICs non-traditional security concerns and infrastructure needs, while the policies of Australia and the US are deteriorating the regional milieu, much to the PIC’s disadvantage.
This book analyses different aspects of International and Comparative Law. The monograph was prepared in honour of Dietrich Rauschning, Professor Emeritus of Georg August University Göttingen and Honorary Doctor of Immanuel Kant Baltic Federal University.
The contributors of the book are German and Russian scientists who work and coope- rate with Professor Rauschning. The analyses carried out in this book have been structured in three complementary parts: International, European and Constitutional Law, Internation- al and Comparative Private Law, and Legal Issues of International Cooperation in Combating Crime. In the Part I (Chapters 1—9) the focus shifts to the international dimensions of public law, as well as history and theory of law. The Part II (Chapters 10—11) is focused on issues of the Private International Law and Comparative Private Law. Part III (Chapters 12—14) addresses to particular aspects of international cooperation of combating organized crime.
The book will be of interest to scientists of academic institutions, teachers and students of universities, as well as to everyone who is interested in international law and comparative legal studies.
Institutions of the European Union, leading Member States, political elites of the region, who share the approaches of Euro-enthusiasts, put hope on the Conference on the Future of Europe. They expect that it will launch a deep transformation of the EU, give an impetus to its consolidation and deepening of integration, strengthening the international positions and its competitiveness. The Conference on the Future of Europe has absorbed the best that the EU has tried in organizing similar forums. At the same time, it compares favorably with them, since it is built on a network principle using modern information and communication technologies and thereby opens free access to its work. This allows Brussels to assert that the fate of the EU is now determined not by someone else, but by the EU citizens. In addition, it makes it possible to legitimize in advance steps to restructure the European Union, on recommendations that the Conference will prepare. The authors conclude that the pro-European triumvirate of Germany, Italy and France, formed by the beginning of 2022, will not fail in its intentions taking into account the French presidency of the EU Council and the parallel election campaign in the country.
Any universal definitions of feminism – as well as what constitutes feminist theory, political strategy, and related practices – are problematic. The patriarchal relations that feminists oppose have different configurations depending on the social, economic, cultural and political contexts. Consequently, there are various feminisms: multiple syntheses of local and universal knowledge. This article analyzes the conceptual and political rifts within the “global” feminism associated with the hegemony of “western” ideas and its criticism by transnational and postcolonial feminists and examines the postsocialist transformations and localizations of feminism and, in particular, the evolution of feminist ideas in post-soviet Russia.
With China's urbanization and its development in market economy, mass rural-to-urban migration expanded over the past 35 years. The change in the forms of parental migration (from single to pair and then family) has led to significant shifts in the situation with rural children, putting forward new research issues. Consequently, children affected by internal labor migration have greatly increased in number, reaching over 100 million people (about 70 million continue to live in villages, and more than 35 million have moved to cities with their parents). Using data from international research published for the past 3 years, we more accurately determined main characteristics of left-behind and migrant-children. Being a vulnerable group in rural China, these children now are facing many problems in mental, physical and psychological development. Due to the differences in the environment in which children grow up we examined the existing approaches of scholars on the impact of internal labor migration on each group. For rural left-behind children the most acute issues are low academic performance, limited educational resources, and disruption in the process of socialization. While urban migration is related to the issues of inclusion in education, cultural isolation, and other psychological problems.
This collective monograph results from the research conducted politi- cal scientists, economists, historians and international relations scholars from the Institute of Europe RAS, Institute of Oriental Studies RAS, IMEMO RAS, MGIMO University, National State University Higher School of Economics. The chapters of the monograph share the same goal – to reveal the extent China is already present in the Mediterranean, to explore which role PRC plays in the socio-economic and political devel- opment of the states of the region, what are the future prospects of its presence and influence. The Mediterranean is highly heterogeneous in political, historical, cultural, and civilizational sense. The region consists of the members of the European Union, politically unstable states of the Middle East and North Africa, the states of the Balkans, which are still in the process of self-determination and nation-building, and ambitious re- gional power Turkey. The study reveals the unique state experiences of relations with the PRC in order to identify common features and national specifics. For Russia, which has its own agenda of cooperation with the Mediterranean states, understanding of the Chinese factor in the develop- ment of the region also seems necessary and significant.
The signing on February 4, 2020 in Beijing of a joint Russian-Chinese statement - On international relations entering a new era and global sustainable development½, as well as a block of bilateral trade, economic and energy agreements means a qualitative expansion of the framework of the strategic partnership between the two countries Russia and China politically position themselves not only as a global and regional center of power and security.