This year our faculty is situated in several buildings:
Moscow 119017 Russia
17/1 Malaya Ordynka Str.
Tel: +7 (495) 771-32-52
Dean — Sergey Karaganov
Deputy Dean (Academic Progress in Undergraduate and Master's Programmes) — Igor Kovalev
Deputy Dean (Finance and Administration) — Denis Medvedev
Deputy Dean (Teaching and Learning and Postgraduate Programmes) — Andrey Suzdaltsev
Deputy Dean for Admissions and Alumni Relations — Ekaterina Entina
The concept of active ageing shifts the focus of the discussion of the consequences of ageing from negative expectations of a growing burden of public costs to the analysis of opportunities of using the potential of elderly people. This paper is aimed at testing the applicability of international approaches to measure active ageing to the situation in Russia. For this purpose, we use the international Active Ageing Index (AAI), developed by the experts from the European Centre Vienna. The AAI is a multidimensional composite index that consists of 22 indicators and measures the untapped potential of older people in four major areas: (1) employment, (2) participation in society, (3) independent, healthy and secure life, (4) capacity for active ageing. Our empirical estimation of the AAI is based on several surveys: Russian Population Census (2010), GGS (2011), CMLC (2011), ESS (2010 and 2012), RLMS (2011), HMD (2010), IHME (2010). These data sources provide relatively high comparability of the AAI results for Russia with EU countries. The results show that the AAI equals 31.1 points, which means about 69% of unused potential for active ageing of the elderly in Russia, and corresponds to the 18th place in ranking of 29 European countries. Russia performs relatively better in the employment and capacity for active ageing domains. It is in the bottom of the ranking in the independent, healthy and secure life domain
Development of Russian electric power industry in recent years is characterized by a multitude of problems and a decrease in a number of performance indicators. It dissatisfies consumers and encourages them to implement various measures to reduce risks and costs of energy supply. This creates preconditions for the emergence of «active» consumers in the domestic electric power industry. Given this trend it would be appropriate to switch from Supply Side Management to Demand Side Management. This will require the implementation of a wide range of measures, including strategic issues of industry development, legal framework and transition to a customer-centric market model.
This article discusses the literary topos of Antioch as the holy city, ‘equal to Jerusa-lem’. Looking at evidence from martyr passions and encomia created in Egypt be-tween the 7th and the 9th centuries, one sees that a great number of martyrs venerated by the Coptic Church are said to have had a connection with Antioch. They were ei-ther born there or were brought to Antioch for trial; moreover, Antiochene connec-tions might be inserted into the stories of saints whose tradition originally had noth-ing to do with Antioch. Antioch is also firmly connected with the two emperors, Dio-cletian and Constantine, who played a vital role in the formation of the identity of the Church of the Martyrs. The article discusses historical evidence of the links between the two miaphysite communities of Alexandria and Antioch and the reasons that compelled Coptic hagiographers to re-imagine Antioch as the birthplace of popular martyrs and the place of their glorious death.
With its strong economic, technological and innovative potential, Asia-Pacific has the potential to drive the global economy. The “engine” of this drive is the system of supply-value chains within the vertically-organized Asia-Pacific conglomerates specializing in producing value-added intermediate goods and services. In the academic literature, this phenomenon is conceptualized as “Factory Asia”.
To unlock Asia-Pacific’s true potential, the implementation of measures embracing regional infrastructural, institutional and people-to-people connectivity becomes the key prerequisite for success. The initiatives of Asia-Pacific economic regionalism covering the trans-Pacific and the East Asian/South Asian geographical domain—the Free Trade Area of Asia-Pacific (FTAAP), the Trans-Pacific Partnership (TPP) and the Regional Comprehensive Economic Partnership (RCEP) – have different possibilities to develop the connectivity agenda. While FTAAP and potentially RCEP can stimulate these processes, for TPP it is highly problematic.
This broadens the possibilities for Russia to get more involved in Asia-Pacific economic cooperation with an emphasis upon technologically-advanced exchanges within Factory Asia. Strengthening regional connectivity is the key component in Russia’s agenda in multilateral cooperation with Asia-Pacific countries, which was exemplified by Russia’s APEC agenda. While at present the resource-intensive production in Russia’s Far East is prioritized, the multiplier effect produced by the Territories of Advanced Development on the industrial and innovative sectors of Russian economy can help Russia to enter Factory Asia.
The article deals with the start of negotiations London – Brussels on Brexit. The author considered the first stage of talks from July till beginning September 2017, approaches and positions of both parties, particularly, the main aim of Britain - to achieve favorable trade conditions with the EU after Brexit with minimal concessions. Possible scenarios of their future economic and trade relations are presented. The author emphasized on several sharp contradictions between the parties on Brexit price. Problem of many banks and financial companies relocation in other EU countries is also considered. Unresolved tensions among the political class between ‘brexiters’ and ‘remainers’ are highlighted.
According to the current international climate change regime, countries are responsible for greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions that result from economic activities within their national borders, including emissions from producing goods for export. At the same time, imports of carbon-intensive goods are not addressed by international agreements, including the Paris Agreement that was adopted in 2015. This paper examines emissions embodied in Russia’s exports and imports based on the results of an input-output analysis. Russia is the second largest exporter of emissions embodied in trade and the large portion of these emissions is directed to developed countries. Because of the large amount of net exports of carbon-intensive goods, the current approach to emissions accounting does not suit Russia’s interests. On the one hand, Russia, as well as other large net emissions exporters, is interested in the revision of allocation of responsibility between exporters and importers of carbon-intensive products. On the other hand, both the commodity exports structure and relatively carbon inefficient technologies make Russia vulnerable to the policy of “carbon protectionism,” which can be implemented by its trade partners.
In the present political and economic trends, a timely exercise is the elaboration on a new research direction, namely studies of regionalism, both in theoretical and practical dimensions, within an active phase of globalization. Center for Asia-Pacific Studies (SAPS), Institute of World Economy and International Relations, does this with the focus upon the Asia-Pacific region developing its own approach.
The result has been three monographs in which critical Asia-Pacific issues seen through the prism of this approach were scrutinized.1) At present, the fourth monograph is being prepared.2) Besides, this approach has been tested during numerous conferences and round-table discussions both in Russia and in beyond.
The paper presents a detailed analysis of the Russian official statistics for orphans and children placed out of parental care. Employing a wide range of data sources, the authors show that in Russia, the primary risk of orphanhood remains high. Although it has declined over the last 15 years, in 2015, the share of children taken out of parental care exceeds 2% of the total number of children under 18. At the same time, statistical data confirms the ongoing deinstitualisation of the Russian care system, a trend which has continued since the mid-2000s. Thus, 11.5% of children out of parental care were institutionalised in 2014, whereas in 2000 this share amounted to as much as 27%. However, the authors argue that the current childcare system reproduces a number of serious systemic problems. Firstly, despite the fact that over 80% of children entering the Russian care system per year have living parents, reuniting the children with the birth family is not yet recognised as a primary objective of the policy; according to the official statistics, only one out of ten children goes back home after being taken out of parental care. Secondly, for particular groups of children it is often hard to arrange family placements. Until now, higher risks of long-term institutionalisation are observed for children placed out of parental care at the age of three years or older, and particularly serious this problem is for teenagers, and also children with physical or mental disabilities. Thirdly, the prevalence and dynamics of number of children returned to institutions from foster placements highlight the importance of professional training for foster parents and need for consistent guidance for foster families, which are still underdeveloped in Russia. In the last section of the paper, authors discuss a possible outcome of this analysis for policies addressed to children left out of parental care.
G20 and Sustainable Development Goals
Established in 2012, the comprehensive strategic partnership between Russia and Vietnam has yet to live up to its name in terms of both vision and action. Nevertheless, Russian–Vietnamese cooperation is embedded in Russia's emerging Eurasian priorities. Indeed, Russia’s prospective plans for its relations with ASEAN within the context of the Greater Eurasia Partnership strategy could serve to unlock the potential of the partnership between Russia and Vietnam, making it truly comprehensive and strategic.
This article examines the role of multilateral development banks (MDBs) in financing education development at the national level. It evaluates the share of national expenditures spent on education, analyzes loan structures by stage of education, and highlights key measures and instruments. In the context of the global economic slowdown, expected to continue for the long term, the most important objective is to identify new drivers of economic growth as traditional sources are exhausted. One of the main sources of economic growth is human capital, especially with regard to the gradual transition from an industrial economy to a service and knowledge economy. Human capital accumulation is particularly important in developing countries. Most developing countries face insuperable obstacles in building human capital accumulation particularly with regard to education development.
The potential contribution of MDBs to human capital accumulation has been underestimated and there is a lack of empirical research on this issue. An evaluation of current experience will help identify opportunities for MDBs to increase their role in education performance, which in turn could have a positive impact on economic growth in developing countries.
This article addresses this issue by studying MDBs’ financing of education projects in emerging economies. The authors collected a database that includes information on the volume and structure of financing with a breakdown by education stage. It was based on more than 500 projects funded by key MDBs. Sources included loan and grant agreements, project interim reports and project completion reports. The authors calculated an average annual ratio of MDB education financing to public expenditure for each country in the final selection.
Results showed that the ratio of average annual MDBs allocations to average government expenditures on education is relatively low — between 1.5% and 4.0% for most countries. The largest share can be seen in relatively small countries, where government expenditures stay at low levels. Large developing countries such as Brazil, India, Indonesia and Mexico are lead in terms of absolute volumes of financing from MDBs. The authors also show that most projects during period researched aimed at reducing inequality, developing infrastructure, improving teacher qualifications and reforming the management of education system. The authors also give recommendations for the BRICS New Development Bank.
EU–Russian Energy Relations. Do Institutions Stand the Test?
EU-Russian relations: history, institutions, basic trends