This year our faculty is situated in several buildings:
Moscow 119017 Russia
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Tel: +7 (495) 771-32-52
Dean — Sergey Karaganov
Deputy Dean (Academic Progress in Undergraduate and Master's Programmes) — Igor Kovalev
Deputy Dean (Finance and Administration) — Denis Medvedev
Deputy Dean (Teaching and Learning and Postgraduate Programmes) — Andrey Suzdaltsev
Deputy Dean for Admissions and Alumni Relations — Ekaterina Entina
Development of Russian electric power industry in recent years is characterized by a multitude of problems and a decrease in a number of performance indicators. It dissatisfies consumers and encourages them to implement various measures to reduce risks and costs of energy supply. This creates preconditions for the emergence of «active» consumers in the domestic electric power industry. Given this trend it would be appropriate to switch from Supply Side Management to Demand Side Management. This will require the implementation of a wide range of measures, including strategic issues of industry development, legal framework and transition to a customer-centric market model.
The goal of the paper is to propose a framework for asset data management in electric utilities, precisely transmission and distribution companies, where data management, data quality and data governance issues seem to be of highest importance due to the asset intensive nature of the business and multiple challenges that companies are facing at the moment. The framework was developed with the use of asset data and organizational structure of PJSC Rosseti in conformity with the basic principles of the ISO 55001 and ISO 8000 standards. Also, the particular characteristics of T&D physical assets and data related to their management were taken into account. Data flows, roles and responsibilities concerning asset data management have been attributed to different management levels in order to designate context and accountability for decision-making throughout the asset management system. The proposed framework is of conceptual nature and provides basis for further discussion and research in the field of asset data management
This article aims to identify effects of client orientation on business models of central power generation companies.
Five major Russian wholesale electricity market players were selected for the analysis conducted applying A. Osterwalder and Y. Pigneur’s ‘Business Model Canvas’. To identify the changes induced by client orientation, the progress of companies’ business models was traced over 6 years; from 2009 to 2015.
Five major trends in business model changes due to client orientation were identified:
1. Declaration of client orientation and adoption of client service standards;
2. Advent of business diversification in favor of engineering, construction, service, operation and maintenance of generating facilities;
3. Increase in vertical integration;
4. Increase in diversity of communication channels with consumers;
5. Increase in diversity of customer relationships.
The results were compared with those obtained in international studies. Conclusions about international and local character of the trends are presented.
The study contributes to knowledge of current and upcoming changes in the business of central power generation triggered by the advent of electricity prosumers. It is valuable both for management decision makers and theorists.
For the first time after D. H. Müller’s pioneering studies of the 1900s, a large body of folklore texts in Soqotri becomes available to the Semitological scholarship. The language is spoken by ca. 100.000 people inhabiting the island Soqotra (Gulf of Aden, Yemen). Soqotri is among the most archaic Semitic languages spoken today, whereas the oral literature of the islanders is a mine of deeply original motifs and plots. Texts appear in transcription, English and Arabic translations, and an Arabic-based native script. Philological annotations deal with grammatical, lexical and literary features, as well as realia. The Glossary accumulates all words attested in the volume. The Plates provide a glimpse into the fascinating landscapes of the island and the traditional lifestyle of its inhabitants.
The paper provides the target model for innovative ecosystem of Russian power industry. The system is based upon the key attributes of the ecosystem, which were revealed within the theoretical part of the paper: limited state intervention, free interaction of the participants and the availability of proper infrastructure. At the same time the proposed target model provides a solution for the current problems of existing prototypes of ecosystem in the Russian power industry via integrating the key actors with the focus on delivering added value to the end user.
Growing revenues from the extraction of natural resources and problems of poverty formed the basis of the proposals for the expansion of the borders of transparency. This will facilitate the implementation of the so-called extractive industries transparency initiative (EITI).
For developing economies, the nurturing of the initiative for now is more of a prospect. The lack of developed institutions will not allow controlling the credibility of the changes, and the expansion of the boundaries of information transparency will come across the undesirable international legal consequences of participation in the EITI.
Involvement in the global innovation system and the level of ICT influence the technologicalstateoftheBrazil,Russia, India, China and South Africa (BRICS) countries and their position in the world economy. Many studies were inspired that examined these economies from various prospective. However, only a few have specially focused on information and communication technologies (ICT), and particularly in services sectors. This paper aims to contribute to the analysis of the evolution of services ICT systems in BRICS. The main hypothesis of the article is that BRICS has made significant progress in economic cooperation, at the same time, the group has not been equally successful in designing and implementing their own agenda in the technology field. The BRICS are not released at a sufficient level of interaction and advocacy in ICT services, which would increase their role in international trade. The authors observe the retrospective of the process of formation of national innovation systems of thecountry participants of BRICS, consider current trends and challenges in the development of national markets for these services in each member country,and highlight future directions for the development. Then they provide an analysis of BRICS countries’ participation in the international ICT services trade. An estimation of revealed comparative advantage indicators allowed determining the dynamics in comparative advantage for ICT service trade in BRICS. Despite the increase in the volumeof export operations in the trade in ICT services, their level of competitiveness is declining. The most vulnerable to the reduction of revealed comparative advantage was India, at the same time Brazil and South Africa showed the least volatile dynamics. It is argued that the policies aimed at promoting investment and enhancing conditions for trade in ICT services contributed significantly to services exports expansion in BRICS. Based on the analysis, a conclusion is made about the current problems and insufficient level of technical cooperation within the group.
Nowadays, one of the most imminent problems facing power systems in post-industrial countries is the sustainable development of power systems under conditions of increasing power consumption irregularity due to the reduction of the industry’s share in consumers’ demand for electric power. In today’s Russia, this issue is becoming very acute due to the significant share of electric power and heat co-generation that is demonstrating low manoeuvrability and poor adaptation to operations in the daily variation of electric power demand. This paper considers the problem of improving the power system steady-state through the optimization of the production structure of thermal power plants. We propose a combinatorial algorithm that improves the planning of the structural and technological modernization of the power equipment configuration, with a glance at the forecast of the increasing irregularity of power consumption.
Despite widespread agreement among international organizations on the importance of healthy early childhood development, monitoring of national action on the provision of pre-primary education has been limited. This paper presents a quantitative approach to monitoring the world’s progress on the United Nations (UN) Sustainable Development Goal (SDG) target 4.2 to “ensure that all girls and boys have access to quality early childhood development, care and pre-primary education.” We used rigorous approach to create a new quantitative globally comparable database of indicators of policies that mandate the provision of national pre-primary education for 86 percent of UN member states. This dataset was analyzed to examine the global inequalities in the provision of universal pre-primary education. We found that 43 percent of countries, and just 3 percent of low-income countries, provide tuition-free pre-primary education. Just under 25 percent of countries offer tuition-free pre-primary education for two or more years. This contrasts sharply with primary education which is provided tuition-free in 96 percent of countries. To illustrate how this data can be used to examine a relationship between policy and outcome, we used it in a regression analysis. Additional global data collection on the quality of pre-primary education would further enhance efforts to monitor policies that play key role in the fulfillment of target 4.2, and support the achievement of the United Nations Sustainable Development Goal on education.
Development of distributed generation is one of the modern trends in the electric power industry worldwide. The main drivers are technology progress, energy policy (stimulating of development RES, cogeneration, «green energy», etc.). Furthermore, consumers' request for higher service standards is important. Liberalization of electric power industry creates additional opportunities for development of distributed generation. Also it is necessary to synchronize development of electric power industry, heat industry and consumers’ generation.
The reference point overviews retirement contributions in Russia. It discusses the dynamics of its level and sources of payment, compares it with other countries, as well as discusses the structure of financing of Russian pension system
This piece analyzes the level and structure of seniors’ incomes in Russia as well as absolute poverty dynamics of Russian pensioners. For the purpose of this study, we define the threshold of old age as the retirement age – 55 for women, 60 for men. The main sources for the data include the regularly compiled statistics by the Russian Federal State Statistics Committee (Rosstat), 2010 Russian national census, and 2015 micro-census, as well as surveys carried out by Rosstat and the Russian longitudinal monitoring survey of NRU-HSE (RLMS-HSE).
Providing a comprehensive overview of Russia’s foreign policy directions, this handbook brings together an international team of scholars to develop a complex treatment of Russia’s foreign policy. The chapters draw from numerous theoretical traditions by incorporating ideas of domestic institutions, considerations of national security and international recognition as sources of the nation’s foreign policy. Covering critically important subjects such as Russia’s military interventions in Ukraine and Syria, the handbook is divided into four key parts:
Part I explores the social and material conditions in which Russia’s foreign policy is formed and implemented.
Part II investigates tools and actors that participate in policy making including diplomacy, military, media, and others.
Part III provides an overview of Russia’s directions towards the United States, Europe, Asia, the Middle East, Eurasia, and the Artic.
Part IV addresses the issue of Russia’s participation in global governance and multiple international organizations, as well as the Kremlin’s efforts to build new organizations and formats that suit Russia’s objectives.
The Routledge Handbook of Russian Foreign Policy is an invaluable resource to students and scholars of Russian Politics and International Relations, as well as World Politics more generally.
Historically, the central principles of international peacekeeping have been formulated by western powers due to their political and ideological domination in international institutions, including the United Nations (UN) family. It is only recently that emerging powers, among them Russia and China, have started to formulate their own policies of peacekeeping and to implement them in practice. While the general objectives of peacekeeping as understood by western nations and emerging powers are similar, there are differences of emphasis. Recent developments in Syria and the active involvement of Russia in these events have underscored the nuanced views these two approaches hold on peacekeeping in general and on outside involvement in peacekeeping operations.
For the United States and many European countries, the goal of peacekeeping and conflict resolution is to protect individual rights and freedoms and to accomplish a “democratic transition” by replacing authoritarian regimes with liberal-democratic alternatives. For Russia as well as many other emerging powers, the goal of conflict resolution and peacekeeping is to preserve and strengthen the local state structures so that they can support law and order on their territory and stabilize the situation in the country and the region. The western approach assumes that donor countries know better what to do with regard to local problems, while a “rising powers” approach is far less dogmatic and recognizes the right of actors to make mistakes along the way.
This article focuses on Russia’s approaches to peacekeeping as they are defined theoretically and practicall
The paper is devoted to the analysis of regional innovative ecosystems’ development in Russia’s energy sector. In transitional economies, the energy sector undergoes through dynamic technological and also structural changes that attract new players in it. Innovations increase competitiveness of the energy sector and help growing its exporting potential. The “gluing” role of small businesses in developing innovative ecosystem is critical for sustainable innovating. The paper assesses problems that small businesses report, and investigates elements of possible regional innovative ecosystem in energy sector. Based on semi-structured interviews with small firms we determined the most problematic area for innovative SMEs, - it is the legislative and regulatory framework that is holding the development of regional and country-wide innovative ecosystems back. We came up with suggestions on how to improve the situation in Russia’s energy sector. Although the analysis is industry and country specific, we believe that our generalizations would help other transitioning and emerging countries to faster developing innovative ecosystems and grow their economies.
Existing research shows that the scopes of informal employment and hidden wages in Russia are relatively significant and increased even during the period of economic growth and tax reforms in 2000s. Consensus estimates of informal employment by different scholars cover 20-30% of the employed population. In addition, according to the results obtained in this study, from a fifth to one-third of the earnings of Russian employees receive hidden wages. The main contribution to the growth of Russian informal employment has been made by wage employment, related to the provision of personal services to individuals and households. A study of the structure of Russian informal employment and its characteristics shows that the growth of informal employment is associated with a decline in labor productivity and social protection and cannot be translated into the innovative economic growth. Previous research also shows that the growth of informal employment in Russia is primarily due to the imperfection of the institutional structures. International experience shows that prevalence of informal employment can only be lowered by implementing a comprehensive policy covering various areas of regulation, combining incentives and sanctions, including broader tasks for improving institutional environment, economic reforms, and changing social norms related to reducing the acceptability of informal relations. In this study, we develop a set of recommendations aimed at reducing informal employment and hidden wage, taking into account both international experience and recommendations, as well as the specifics of the causes of informal employment in Russia and the efforts already made by the Russian government in this direction.
With limited energy resources and increased costs for their extraction, to meet the growing demand, it is necessary to search for sources of supply growth and to analyze various approaches to the development of energy. World energy leaders pay great attention to traditional sources, but also show interest in renewable energy technologies (renewables). The reason for this interest is not only the depletion of old ones and the absence of new large deposits. This is dictated by environmental requirements, the need to diversify energy supply sources, energy security policy and the formation of strategic reserves, as well as companies' readiness for modern trends in energy and the development of new technological solutions. The development of renewables is becoming a factor of competition for technological leadership. According to the draft of the energy strategy of Russia until 2035 (ES-2035), the technologies of the "energy revolution" include renewables and energy storage. It is projected that the generation of energy using renewables, equal to 1% of the country's total energy generation, will be achieved by 2020, and this conflicts with declarations of the importance of renewables.
Russian oil and gas companies are represented in corporate strategies as energy, which should mean increased attention not only to the hydrocarbon production sector, but also the development of other energy sectors, including renewable energy sources. Modern development strategies and programs sparingly reflect measures to develop alternative energy sources. This is due to the fact that the efficiency of the proposed green technologies is still low and for Russian conditions, the generation of energy by traditional methods is more effective than renewables: no additional resources, special efforts and innovations, and creativity of managerial decisions are required.
Russian companies, unlike the Western ones, invest little in the development of "green" energy at the industrial scale. Among the renewable assets, for example, BP has the largest biogas station in Brazil, 16 onshore wind farms in the US, and solar power plants in Germany and the United States. In the long term, the lack of such a direction of investment can mean the loss of technological prospects by Russian energy companies and even the withdrawal from the position of world energy leaders.
To ensure the share of renewable energy in the energy balance in accordance with the project ES-2035 (more than 3% of the total power generation by 2035), it is necessary to invest at least $ 1.7 billion annually. Achieving 3% by 2035 will only bring Russia closer to the indicators already achieved by developed economies.
The development of public-private partnerships, other instruments of state support, the acceleration of technological progress will narrow the gap in technological development, reduce the likelihood of Russian companies losing their share in the world energy market and the risk of occupying their place by those who are already actively investing in the development of clean energy.