This year our faculty is situated in several buildings:
Moscow 119017 Russia
17/1 Malaya Ordynka Str.
Tel: +7 (495) 771-32-52
Dean — Sergey Karaganov
Deputy Dean (Academic Progress in Undergraduate and Master's Programmes) — Igor Kovalev
Deputy Dean (Finance and Administration) — Denis Medvedev
Deputy Dean (Teaching and Learning and Postgraduate Programmes) — Andrey Suzdaltsev
Deputy Dean for Admissions and Alumni Relations — Ekaterina Entina
The concept of active ageing shifts the focus of the discussion of the consequences of ageing from negative expectations of a growing burden of public costs to the analysis of opportunities of using the potential of elderly people. This paper is aimed at testing the applicability of international approaches to measure active ageing to the situation in Russia. For this purpose, we use the international Active Ageing Index (AAI), developed by the experts from the European Centre Vienna. The AAI is a multidimensional composite index that consists of 22 indicators and measures the untapped potential of older people in four major areas: (1) employment, (2) participation in society, (3) independent, healthy and secure life, (4) capacity for active ageing. Our empirical estimation of the AAI is based on several surveys: Russian Population Census (2010), GGS (2011), CMLC (2011), ESS (2010 and 2012), RLMS (2011), HMD (2010), IHME (2010). These data sources provide relatively high comparability of the AAI results for Russia with EU countries. The results show that the AAI equals 31.1 points, which means about 69% of unused potential for active ageing of the elderly in Russia, and corresponds to the 18th place in ranking of 29 European countries. Russia performs relatively better in the employment and capacity for active ageing domains. It is in the bottom of the ranking in the independent, healthy and secure life domain
This article discusses the literary topos of Antioch as the holy city, ‘equal to Jerusa-lem’. Looking at evidence from martyr passions and encomia created in Egypt be-tween the 7th and the 9th centuries, one sees that a great number of martyrs venerated by the Coptic Church are said to have had a connection with Antioch. They were ei-ther born there or were brought to Antioch for trial; moreover, Antiochene connec-tions might be inserted into the stories of saints whose tradition originally had noth-ing to do with Antioch. Antioch is also firmly connected with the two emperors, Dio-cletian and Constantine, who played a vital role in the formation of the identity of the Church of the Martyrs. The article discusses historical evidence of the links between the two miaphysite communities of Alexandria and Antioch and the reasons that compelled Coptic hagiographers to re-imagine Antioch as the birthplace of popular martyrs and the place of their glorious death.
With its strong economic, technological and innovative potential, Asia-Pacific has the potential to drive the global economy. The “engine” of this drive is the system of supply-value chains within the vertically-organized Asia-Pacific conglomerates specializing in producing value-added intermediate goods and services. In the academic literature, this phenomenon is conceptualized as “Factory Asia”.
To unlock Asia-Pacific’s true potential, the implementation of measures embracing regional infrastructural, institutional and people-to-people connectivity becomes the key prerequisite for success. The initiatives of Asia-Pacific economic regionalism covering the trans-Pacific and the East Asian/South Asian geographical domain—the Free Trade Area of Asia-Pacific (FTAAP), the Trans-Pacific Partnership (TPP) and the Regional Comprehensive Economic Partnership (RCEP) – have different possibilities to develop the connectivity agenda. While FTAAP and potentially RCEP can stimulate these processes, for TPP it is highly problematic.
This broadens the possibilities for Russia to get more involved in Asia-Pacific economic cooperation with an emphasis upon technologically-advanced exchanges within Factory Asia. Strengthening regional connectivity is the key component in Russia’s agenda in multilateral cooperation with Asia-Pacific countries, which was exemplified by Russia’s APEC agenda. While at present the resource-intensive production in Russia’s Far East is prioritized, the multiplier effect produced by the Territories of Advanced Development on the industrial and innovative sectors of Russian economy can help Russia to enter Factory Asia.
G20 and Sustainable Development Goals
This article examines the role of multilateral development banks (MDBs) in financing education development at the national level. It evaluates the share of national expenditures spent on education, analyzes loan structures by stage of education, and highlights key measures and instruments. In the context of the global economic slowdown, expected to continue for the long term, the most important objective is to identify new drivers of economic growth as traditional sources are exhausted. One of the main sources of economic growth is human capital, especially with regard to the gradual transition from an industrial economy to a service and knowledge economy. Human capital accumulation is particularly important in developing countries. Most developing countries face insuperable obstacles in building human capital accumulation particularly with regard to education development.
The potential contribution of MDBs to human capital accumulation has been underestimated and there is a lack of empirical research on this issue. An evaluation of current experience will help identify opportunities for MDBs to increase their role in education performance, which in turn could have a positive impact on economic growth in developing countries.
This article addresses this issue by studying MDBs’ financing of education projects in emerging economies. The authors collected a database that includes information on the volume and structure of financing with a breakdown by education stage. It was based on more than 500 projects funded by key MDBs. Sources included loan and grant agreements, project interim reports and project completion reports. The authors calculated an average annual ratio of MDB education financing to public expenditure for each country in the final selection.
Results showed that the ratio of average annual MDBs allocations to average government expenditures on education is relatively low — between 1.5% and 4.0% for most countries. The largest share can be seen in relatively small countries, where government expenditures stay at low levels. Large developing countries such as Brazil, India, Indonesia and Mexico are lead in terms of absolute volumes of financing from MDBs. The authors also show that most projects during period researched aimed at reducing inequality, developing infrastructure, improving teacher qualifications and reforming the management of education system. The authors also give recommendations for the BRICS New Development Bank.
EU–Russian Energy Relations. Do Institutions Stand the Test?
EU-Russian relations: history, institutions, basic trends
This book analyzes how international organizations and the European Union engage with civil society to pursue their policy goals. Multi-stakeholder initiatives, private-public partnership, sub-contracting, political alliances, hybrid coalitions, multi-sectoral networks, pluralist co-governance, and indeed foreign policy by proxy are all considered. Bringing together the most advanced scholarship, the book examines trade, environment, development, security, and human rights with reference to both EU and global institutional settings such as the WTO, UN Climate Summits, FAO, IFAD, ICC, UNHRC, UNSC, and at the EU level the DG FISMA, TRADE, CLIMA, DEVCO, HOME and ECHO. The book also studies the use of NGOs in the foreign policy of the EU, USA, and Russia. This changing politics and the polarized debate it has generated are explored in detail.
Innovations and technological advancement are key factors for strong and productive economic growth. However, persisting barriers to spread and use of these technologies within and across countries exacerbate risks of disruption and inequality. The G20 has gradually brought innovation to the center of its growth agenda. It has also come a long way in placing inclusive development at the heart of G20 cooperation. However, the policy implications of the innovation-inclusiveness nexus have not been given adequate consideration in the G20’s decision-making. Building on the G20 Digital Economy Development and Cooperation Initiative adopted at Hangzhou, Germany has put forward the goal of removing obstacles and creating conditions for the diffusion of technology by expanding infrastructure, improving skills and education, developing and applying norms and standards, creating consumer confidence and discussing an internationally agreed regulatory framework which would uphold the fundamental principles of free information flow, privacy and data protection and IT security. Will decisions by the G20 in Hamburg guide a G20 digital transformation that is both inclusive and resilient? They should. The G20 is well placed to ensure that digital transformation boosts inclusive development.
This article presents the analysis of the G8, G20 and BRICS delivery legitimacy which is understood as the outcome of two factors: the institutions members’ compliance with the decisions the leaders make at their summits, and the decisions implementation effectiveness for addressing key global governance issues which takes into consideration the combination of economic power and representativeness of a particular institution.
To assess compliance performance, the analysis was carried out using comparative data on the number of commitments made by the three institutions in 2009-2013 and the level of institutional compliance, distribution of commitments and compliance across issue areas, and individual compliance by member states. The average compliance scores were then adjusted using an integral indicator comprised of the two sub indicators: the institutions’ aggregate PPP-based GDP and size of population. The GDP (economic power) indicator was considered as a multiplier reflecting the degree of impact. The population size indicator was considered as a multiplier showing the degree of representativeness. The integral indicator was regarded as a proxy reflecting the effectiveness of the G8, G20 and BRICS decisions implementation in addressing global governance challenges.
The analysis of compliance revealed that G8 compliance performance is generally higher as compared with the G20 and BRICS with the G8 average of 0.54 over the period of 2009 to 2013, the G20 average of 0.40 in the same period and the BRICS average of 0.41 in the three years from 2011 to 2013. Although an upward trend in G20 and BRICS compliance scores is observed, their delivery on the commitments made is still considerably weaker than that of the G8.
Compliance data adjusted for the PPP-based GDP and population size reveals a different picture. The G20’s delivery legitimacy is the highest among the three institutions (3.93) due to its substantial economic potential and representativeness. The effectiveness of the G8 decisions implementation for addressing key global governance issues declines as the result of its decreasing share in the global economy and world population. The G8 delivery legitimacy stands at 0.54. The indicator for BRICS is 1.13.
The improvement of the investment climate in Russia encouraging an inflow of foreign direct investment into the country’s economy is being declared at the highest levels of the Russian government as an important objective for the further economic development of the country. One of the most important instruments for that improvement should be the consideration of the foreign investor’s opinions and ideas and reaction to the most urgent and critical issues which serve as obstacles to their investment activities in Russia.
This paper considers the case of Japanese investors in Russia. It is based on the results of a survey of Japanese companies doing business in Russia (members of the Japan Business Club Moscow) and content analysis of a set of interviews with the representatives of Japanese business and academic community and non-governmental organizations representatives.
We identify which factors attract Japanese capital to Russia and which hinder investment activities. Studying Japanese investment in Russia reveals the particular challenges and obstacles that make Japanese companies reluctant to engage in business activities in Russia. The research reveals and systemizes the factors restricting the development of investment cooperation and their roots, and identifies possible ways of overcoming these challenges.
The analysis shows that the constraining factors can be divided into 3 groups by the origin: external – associated with the problems of the investment climate in Russia, internal – revealing from the specific features of the Japanese production and management system and other factors – non-economic factors, which mainly concern business culture and informational issues.
The principles of “soft power”, within the context of the historical development of international relations both on the worldwide and regional levels, had been applied in the East and in the West long before the aforementioned theories appeared. It was the Jesuits in the 16th Century who developed strategies of influence and were pioneers in the introduction of "soft" methods of leverage in international communication practice. In today's world, which is witnessing an increase in the role of the religious factor in international relations, it is important to understand how to identify these achievements, and correct the mistakes of these early strategies, based on the practices of Francis Xavier in Japan and of Antoni de Montserrat in the Mughal Empire. An attentive and thorough study of the Jesuits’ experience is of great importance in understanding contemporary processes of international interaction from a “soft power” point of view.
This book deals with the study of the court system during the XVII-XVIII centuries, which is not considered as the beginning of a new era, but as the end of a way of living and understanding the world. With these premises, the crisis of the values that underpinned the court system and the birth of a new social and political order is studied. A new approach to the traditional interpretation of the crisis of the Old Regime and the origin of the Contemporary Age is used.
La política de los primeros Románov en Rusia estaba centrada en la “construcción” del Estado autócrata y la transformación de la Rusia zarista a la Rusia imperial con su creciente papel en el ámbito político internacional de Europa. Este papel nuevo se manifestó en el desarollo de los contactos diplomáticos en el siglo XVII, que llevaron al establecimiento de las primeras misiones diplomática rusas durante el reinado de Pedro el Grande y, entre ellos, la misión en Madrid. La historia de las relaciones entre Rusia y España de aquellos años ha atravesado varios períodos: hubo momentos de acercamiento y períodos de suspensión y de ausencia de contacto, pero como un hilo unía la diplomacia de la época de los primeros Románov con la diplomacia de la Rusia imperial de los siglos XVIII y XIX.
In the eighteenth century Russian cultural information on Spain was scarce and came from books of European authors, mainly Protestant, translated into Russian, which had the anti-Hispanic character, based on the "black legend". The "hommes des Lumières" also built the idea of Spain as a country that came to complete decay which would be never overcome. The completely different image was forged by Russian travelers, although they were few. This article deals with the vision of Spain of Russian diplomats, two plenipotentiary ministers of Russia in Madrid, Baron Otto-Magnus Stackelberg (1767 - 1772) and Stepan Zinoviev (1772 - 1794), who collected all kinds of information about the functioning of institutions of the country, government and administration, church and education, justice and aristocracy, portraying the domestic and foreign policy, economics and culture.