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The School of International Regional Studies is a research and educational centre seeking to revive international regional studies as an academic discipline in Russia. The department’s world-class professors train the next generation of regional studies specialists while developing an increasingly prestigious research school.
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The topic of the meeting: "Promotion of Democracy in the South Caucasus Countries".
The seminar was moderated by Murad Sadygzade, Visiting Lecturer at the School of International Regional Studies of the Faculty of World Economy and International Affairs, HSE University.
At the beginning of the meeting, all the participants and the speaker of the event were greeted by Dr. Vera Vishnyakova, Head of the School of International Regional Studies of the Faculty of World Economy and International Affairs, HSE University.
Dr. Anna Ayvazyan devoted her speech to the spread of democracy in the countries of the South Caucasus by the forces of the European Union. First, Dr. Anna Ayvazyan said that democratic development is viewed by the EU as a guarantor of stability in the region. However, in the countries of the South Caucasus, this view does not find adequate confirmation, and any internal political changes are accompanied by an increase in foreign policy instability. This is due to the ability of society to absorb democratic ideas, which is why the active involvement of the EU does not always lead to success. This thesis is confirmed by the situation around the constitutional reform in Georgia. In addition, democracy has recently attracted more and more criticism since its advancement is undertaken by India and Turkey, which did not do this before, while Western countries are becoming attractive for the spread of illiberal forces.
Dr. Anna Ayvazyan mentioned that the EU's policy of promoting democracy is strictly formalized and translated into several treaties and programs that emphasize their compliance with international law. Over the years, the European Union has made various claims about democracy. Since 2007, the principle of "good governance" has been used, which has been related to the social, political, economic aspects, the environment, anti-corruption, and other areas. Then there were interdepartmental projects, cooperation with NGOs, and since 2015, the emphasis is on human rights, the provisions of which should be integrated into all foreign policy projects.
After Dr. Anna Ayvazyan's speech, a session of issues was held, in which they touched upon the internal political situation in Georgia related to the constitutional reform, Russia's relations with the countries of the South Caucasus and the prospects for further EU participation in promoting democracy in the region.