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The main features of Turkey's foreign policy at the present stage

On January 27, 2022, the School of International Regional Studies of the Faculty of World Economy and International Affairs, HSE University, within the framework of the permanent online seminars “Contemporary Area Studies”, organised a meeting with Dr. Amur Gadzhiev, correspondent of the Turkish edition of the Sputnik news agency, lecturer at the Russian State University for the Humanities, candidate of historical sciences.  The topic of the meeting: “The main features of Turkey's foreign policy at the present stage.”

The meeting was moderated by Murad Sadygzade, visiting lecturer, assistant head of the School of International Regional Studies of the Faculty of World Economy and International Affairs, HSE University.

In his speech, Dr. Amur Gadzhiev considered the issue of forming a new foreign policy of Turkey from the point of view of the interest in strengthening Turkey's positions in different countries, organizations, considered issues related to the definition of the concept of foreign policy and described the influence of the internal situation and the position of some statesmen on Turkey's foreign policy.

The speaker spoke about Turkey's radical change in its approach to foreign policy that in recent years and the formation of its new foundations.  Nowadays there is no design of this concept, but there are works created by think tanks in which attempts are made to comprehend new approaches to Turkish foreign policy.  Among them, as noted by Dr. Amur Gadzhiev, is the strengthening of Turkey's military presence in important states for it (for instance, Syria and Azerbaijan).

On the issues of Russian-Turkish relations, the speaker noted that Turkey's foreign policy towards Russia is combined with both cooperation and rivalry, showing the importance of the Russian direction in the new Turkish foreign policy concept.

Regarding the EU, Dr. Amur Gadzhiev noted that Turkey's entry into this union, according to recent statements by President Recep Tayyip Erdogan, remains a foreign policy priority, but the prospects remain vague.  Joining the SCO or the EAEU is not on the agenda as Turkey seeks to become an important actor in Eurasia itself.

The moderator of the meeting, Murad Sadygzade, summed up the results of the meeting, noting the importance of the Turkish region for Russian foreign policy and science, and noted that the meeting allows continuing discussions about the question who Turkey really is for Russia.